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Quieting a barking dog is a quick and easy process. Really? It also doesn’t cost any money. But it’s not an obvious process – witness the many dogs barking all the time in parks, backyards on street corners, with their owners tugging at their leash and yelling at them and the dogs completely ignoring their commands. My dog was driving me crazy until I learned how to stop his barking. My dog barked and whined all the time, and it was a breed (husky), that was known for making a lot of noise.
The situation was especially bad when the doorbell rang or he saw strangers. It was almost impossible to stop him once he started, and if there was another dog involved, forget it – my dog would yap his head off until the dogs were separated and out of sight. One weekend, though, my friend came over to visit. She worked at the Chicago Zoo and knew animals better than anyone I had ever seen. In an hour, she had my dog completely quiet, and she taught me how to do it, too.
One hour to solve a problem that was driving me crazy for the last three years! The secret is not intuitive.
First, Teach the dog to bark (!)
I thought my friend was insane when she told me this. Obviously, my dog knew how to bark because he barked and whined all the time. But she explained that while my dog barked a lot, he couldn’t bark on command. First, she taught him to bark on command, and then she taught him to be quiet on command. The whole process took less than an hour. My dog is pretty smart, it may take your dog longer, but still, it’s an incredibly effective technique, and now, two years later, my dog still doesn’t give me trouble. What a great afternoon!
There are two elements at work here: positive reinforcement and intermittent reinforcement.
Positive reinforcement teaches the behavior, and intermittent reinforcement keeps the behavior permanent. Negative reinforcement is just not a strong inducer of behavior. certain extent, but studies have shown it to be about 10 times less effective than positive reinforcement. Everything she did was very clear and precise, which was much of the reason she got her results so quickly. Your results may vary, but the clearer and more precise you can make everything, the better it is. First, go on a long walk with your dog to get him a lot of exercises. Your dog can’t learn when he’s all riled up. Teaching your dog to bark: Then get a box of treats. Then look at your dog. When he barks, immediately praise him and give him a treat. Don’t let any time elapse between the bark and the treat. Pretty soon he’ll be barking a lot. Right now, the behavior is coming before the cue. Shape the behavior first, and then add your cue.
Teaching your dog to bark on command: Then go away for a few minutes and come back. Ignore his barking and ignore everything else he does. Just stand there, doing nothing, not rewarding him at all, not even looking at him. It may take a long time, but eventually, your dog will calm down, stop barking and start doing his own thing.
Once your dog calms down and stops barking, start working with him again. This time, only give him a treat when you say “Speak” and point at him, and then he barks.
- Verbal command and point.
Don’t give him a treat for just barking on his own. This part will take a while, but he will eventually understand the command. You’re rewarding him for behavior he is already predisposed to do, you’re just associating a command with it.
Teaching your dog to be quiet: Go away for a few minutes, and then come back.
He’ll probably be barking a lot when you come back, but again, stay totally still and don’t reward him at all (no praising, no eye contact, nothing). Once he stops barking, count to five slowly to yourself. You may have to wait a long time before he’ll stop barking enough so a full count of five, but it will happen eventually.
Once you can count to five without any barking, then reward him with praise and a treat. Notice that at this point, the behavior comes before the cue. Shape the behavior first, and then add your cue.
Teaching your dog to be quiet on demand: Keep that up for a while until the behavior sinks in, and then add the command. When he’s not barking, hold up your hand as if you’re signaling someone to stop, and say the command “Quiet”. If he’s quiet, then give him a treat and praise. So the order is
- Verbal command and hand signal.
- Dog is quiet.
Soon your dog will know how to be quiet on demand. After a while, the treats won’t be necessary, and even verbal praise won’t be necessary every time. The praise at irregular intervals is the intermittent reinforcement part of the picture and is very powerful. Intermittent reinforcement works better than if you reward behavior every single time.
Be the one in charge
Regardless of why your dog is barking he should be secure with you, he needs a pack leader, and that is your activity. Steady practice of a noisy single word command or hand sign will, in a brief span, allow him to understand what you expect of him. On the off chance that you can transform a practice session into a game, your dog will learn how to play the game rapidly.
Teach your dog to bark on command
It may appear to be counter to your first idea yet start to train your dog to bark on command. This game will show your dog that some barking gets approval and a few does not. Get your dog to lay down in the event that he barks and you didn’t ask him to, it’s harder to bark in a down position. You want the dog to go through a portion of his vitality yet don’t give him a chance to gain out of power.
Praise the right behavior
At the point when your dog does what you want it to do, pet the dog or give it a treat or something to that effect. When he doesn’t do as you want, withhold your approval or disregard the bad behavior. Praise for doing what you ask of him is useful for your dog as long as he understands what the praise is for. Your dog wants your approval so you have to praise him when he hits the nail on the head.
These 3 hints on how to train your dog to stop barking, be in charge, barking on command and praising the right behavior, are just a start. With some reliable exertion and training, you can have the companion that you’ve always wanted. Training can be a good time for your dog and something you two can appreciate together…
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